Quiz and Review

This is a quiz covering the content of the first 8 posts of Grandparents for the Future.  I hope you have some fun in answering it and that it serves for a quick review of what we have covered so far.  Answers to each question can be found in the links provided.  A full list of answers will be given in the next post.

 1.  Which of the following are major world issues affecting the future for our grandchildren

             (a)  an unstable financial situation;

            (b)  rapidly worsening environmental problems;

            (c)  shortage of energy and resources;

            (d)  human induced climate change;

            (e)  all of the above.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2011/10/20/prosperity-and-hope-dreams-for-our-grandchildren/

 2.  Why, according to Karen Armstrong, do we risk environmental catastrophe?

            (a)  because we use too much energy;

            (b)  because we no longer see the Earth as holy;

            (c)  because we are running short of resources;

            (d)  because of over population.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2011/11/18/the-five-es-of-human-destiny/

 3.  What book is recommended for grandparents to give to their grandchildren to understand how to treat the environment?

            (a)  Winnie the Pooh;

            (b)  Alice in Wonderland;

            (c)  The Lorax;

            (d)  The Wind in the Willows.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2011/12/10/the-role-of-grandparents/

 4.  What does Richard Heinberg say about our modern lives?

            (a)  We can have continuing growth because of cheap energy.

            (b)  We can increasingly raise the standard of living.

            (c)  We are living an illusion that the way we live is normal.

            (d)  We can continue to increase economic growth by increasing production.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/01/07/energy-the-search-for-the-holy-grail/

 5.  What are the assumptions underlying Heinberg’s view?

            (a)  The supply of fossil fuels is running out.

            (b)  Burning fossil fuels contributes to climate change.

            (c)  Alternatives will not supply us with the same amount of energy as we now get from fossil fuels.

            (d)  All of the above.

To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/01/07/energy-the-search-for-the-holy-grail/

 6.  What is peak oil?

            (a)  Belief that there is still much oil to be discovered.

            (b)  Concept that the world’s supply of oil will reach a peak then decline faster than new discoveries can meet demand.

           (c)  Idea that the world has reached the limit of its oil supplies.

           (d)  None of the above. 

  To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/01/07/energy-the-search-for-the-holy-grail/

 7.  M. King Hubbert predicted in 1956 that

            (a)  the world will run out of oil in the 21st century;

            (b)  American oil production would peak in the 1970s;

            (c)  nuclear energy would be cheaper than oil;

            (d)  fossil fuels will cause climate change.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/01/07/energy-the-search-for-the-holy-grail/

 8.  In the 1970s Hubbert argued for

            (a)  implementing a crash program on nuclear energy;

            (b)  intensifying the search for new oil reserves;

            (c)  cutting back on energy use generally;

            (d)  immediately beginning a transition to solar energy.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/01/07/energy-the-search-for-the-holy-grail/

 9.  Under President Jimmy Carter’s leadership in the late 1970s

            (a)  solar energy captured the public imagination;

            (b)  oil production was dramatically reduced;

            (c)  nuclear energy was put on hold;

            (d)  research on wind power was intensified.

To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/01/07/energy-the-search-for-the-holy-grail/

 10.  What did youth delegate from Canada, Anjali Appadurai, say to the delegates at the climate conference in Durban, South Africa in December 2011?

            (a)    “You have been negotiating all my life.”

           (b)     “You’ve failed to meet pledges.”

           (c)      “You’ve missed targets and you’ve broken promises.”

          (d)     All of the above.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/01/07/energy-the-search-for-the-holy-grail/

 11.  What does Chris Martenson recommend as a bridge to the future?

            (a)  focus on better utilization of huge reserves of coal;

            (b)  intensify use of biofuels;

            (c)  utilize huge new supplies of natural gas from shale;

            (d)  implement a crash program of conservation.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/01/21/energy-alternatives-versus-time/

 12.  What does Professor Mark Jarrard of Simon Fraser University call for?

            (a)  strong citizen action in the face of political inaction;

            (b)  support for Canada’s energy policy;

            (c)  government task force on alternative energy;

            (d)  more emphasis on hydroelectric power.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/01/21/energy-alternatives-versus-time/

 13.  What does noted environmental scientist James Lovelock say in support of a return tonuclear power?

          (a)    It is the cheapest alternative to fossil fuels.

         (b)   New nuclear power plants can be quickly brought onstream.

         (c)    There is no other safe and reliable alternative for the large-scale production of electricity.

         (d)   Most people will support nuclear energy.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/01/21/energy-alternatives-versus-time/

 14.  What does climate scientist James Hansen say about nuclear energy versus coal?

            (a)  Nuclear energy is less dangerous;

            (b)  Coal causes 100,000 deaths a year worldwide;

            (c)  Death by coal is probably not as sexy as death by nuclear accident;

            (d)  All of the above.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/02/04/energy-the-nuclear-option/

 15.  In comparing nuclear waste to carbon dioxide emissions what does James Lovelock say?

            (a)  Nuclear waste storage is manageable.

            (b)  Coal produces 2 million times as much waste as nuclear.

            (c)  Carbon dioxide emissions from multiple sources are impossible to capture.

            (d)  All of the above

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/02/04/energy-the-nuclear-option/

 16.  What are fourth generation fast reactors?

            (a)  reactors that produce nuclear fusion;

            (b)  new improved fission reactors that can use existing nuclear waste as fuel stocks;

            (c)  small reactors built on a modular design;

            (d)  none of the above.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/02/04/energy-the-nuclear-option/

 17.  What do the authors of Natural Capitalism say about switching to the nuclear option?

            (a)  It is the most reliable way to go.

            (b)  Climate change is best mitigated by switching to nuclear.

            (c)  It would be better to spend the same amount of money on energy efficiency.

            (d)  None of the above.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/02/04/energy-the-nuclear-option/

 18.  What are Helen Caldicott’s objections to nuclear power?

            (a)  It has caused catastrophic accidents around the world.

            (b)  It requires enormous financial outlay.

            (c)  It has contributed to nuclear weapons proliferation.

            (d)  It causes nuclear-waste induced epidemics of cancers and genetic diseases forgenerations to come.

            (e)   All of the above.

To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/02/04/energy-the-nuclear-option/

 19.  Which of the following is not regarded as a source of renewable energy?

            (a)  wind turbines;

            (b)  solar thermal plants;

            (c)  biomass;

            (d)  hydraulic fracturing of shale rock.

 To find answer see: www.grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/o2/18/energy-wind-water-earth-and-sun/

 20.  Which of the following are challenges for renewable?

            (a)  low energy return on investment;

            (b)  intermittency;

            (c)  low energy density;

            (d)  limited supply of material inputs;

            (e)  all of the above.

 To find answer see:  www.grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/o2/18/energy-wind-water-earth-and-sun/

 21.  What is a feed-in tariff?

            (a)  a tax on smart meters;

            (b)  a carbon tax;

            (c)  a payment to customers who supply energy to the grid;

            (d)  a reduction to costs because of efficiency.

 To find answer see:  www.grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/o2/18/energy-wind-water-earth-and-sun/

 22.  What is microgeneration?

            (a)  producing electricity from centralized facilities;

            (b)  producing electrical power from distributed sources like homes and businesses;

            (c)  generating power from microbes in algae;

            (d)  none of the above.

 To find answer see:  www.grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/o2/18/energy-wind-water-earth-and-sun/

 23.  According to the authors of Natural Capitalism what is the best way to save energy?

            (a)  spend a lot of money up front on new ideas;

            (b)  get people to agree to work together;

            (c)  emphasize savings closest to the customer;

            (d)  implement strict regulations.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/03/03/energy-conservation-efficiency-and-the-zero-point/

 24.  According to Frances Moore Lappé what percentage of energy is wasted in industrial  societies?

            (a)  10 percent;

            (b)  20 percent;

            (c)  50 percent;

            (d)  Up to 87 percent.

 To find answer see:  https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/03/03/energy-conservation-efficiency-and-the-zero-point/.

 25.  Why can energy efficiency approaches be good news for grandparents?

            (a)  They allow someone else to take care of the problem.

            (b)  They provide opportunities to work with grandchildren on exciting projects.

            (c)  They are easy to implement.

            (d)  They are more popular with politicians.

 To find answer see: https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/03/03/energy-conservation-efficiency-and-the-zero-point/.

 26.  Why is conservation always a good choice?

            (a)  A dollar saved is a dollar saved.

            (b)  Investing in alternatives can drive the price of existing sources up.

            (c)  Everyone can participate.

            (d)  All of the above.

 To find answer see: https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/03/03/energy-conservation-efficiency-and-the-zero-point/.

 27.  What is zero point energy?

            (a)  energy source from science fiction;

            (b)  energy used to power rocket ships;

            (c)  an immense sea of energy hidden in the universe;

            (d)  a scam to fool investors.

To find answer see: https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/03/03/energy-conservation-efficiency-and-the-zero-point/.

 28.  What are gadgiwatts?

            (a)  a form of nanotechnology;

            (b)  a new name for junk science;

            (c)  energy used by innumerable new gadgets in the modern world;

            (d)  electricity produced by new gadgets.

 To find answer see: https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/03/03/energy-conservation-efficiency-and-the-zero-point/.

 29.  Compared to the 1970s US residential energy consumption

            (a)  is about the same because of improved efficiency;

            (b)  is 40 percent higher;

            (c)  is 20 percent lower;

            (d)  none of the above.

 To find answer see: https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/03/03/energy-conservation-efficiency-and-the-zero-point/.

 30.  Why, according to Daniel Yergin are renewables preferred over efficiency?

            (a)  They are less expensive.

            (b)  They provide opportunities to cut red ribbons.

            (c)  They are easy to build.

            (d)  They can be brought onstream quickly.

 To find answer see: https://grandparentsforthefuture.wordpress.com/2012/03/03/energy-conservation-efficiency-and-the-zero-point/.

 Thank you for completing the Quiz.  Answers will be given in the next post.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

 

           

 

 

           

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